Why nuclear energy is bad? (2023)

Nuclear Energy Offers Very Little to Importance · 2.Nuclear power plants are dangerous and vulnerable · 3.Nuclear energy is too expensive · 4. To tackle climate change, we need to reduce fossil fuels in the total energy mix well before 2050 to 0%. The last decade only showed a few to 10 new network connections per year. Increasing to 37 is physically impossible: there is not enough capacity to make large forgings, such as reactor vessels.

Currently, there are only 57 new reactors under construction or planned for the next decade and a half. Therefore, doubling nuclear capacity, unlike the explosive growth of clean and renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind, is unrealistic. And that's only 4% when we already need to reduce 100%. Over the past decade, the State of the Global Nuclear Industry Report estimates that leveled costs, which compare the total lifetime cost of building and operating a plant with lifetime production, for utility-scale solar energy have decreased by 88% and for wind energy by 69%.

According to the same report, these costs have increased by 23% for nuclear energy. The construction of a nuclear power plant is a long and complex process that obviously releases CO2, as is the demolition of dismantled nuclear sites. EPR nuclear reactor technology has been presented by the French government and the French nuclear operator EDF as a revolutionary technology that heralds the dawn of a nuclear revival. The reality is that this technology is not any kind of technological leap.

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More importantly, the French EPR reactor located in Flamanville is more than 10 years behind schedule and almost four times over budget. Unless you're an energy engineer, you don't understand the technical complexities of intermittent energy, such as solar and wind. Hydropower, geothermal, biomass and ocean power are not always available for all geographical areas. All of these technologies have a very low capacity factor and, at the same time, require a large area to build.

The most difficult thing to control within the energy system is to balance supply and load. Solar and wind energy are very difficult to control and balance, and the low capacity factor (solar energy is around 20% versus wind 30%) literally makes their construction and operation technically inefficient. On the other hand, nuclear power has a very high capacity factor (often more than 90%), can be increased and decreased as needed to equalize the load, does not take up a large amount of space, is energy dense (meaning less fuel is used and a lot of energy is still produced), which for grid operators has much more technically sense. Yes, there are other issues related to waste disposal, disasters and security threats.

The 444 nuclear power plants that currently exist provide about 11% of the world's energy (1) Studies show that, to meet current and future energy needs, the nuclear sector would need to expand to around 14,500 plants. Uranium, the fuel in nuclear reactors, consumes a lot of energy and is likely to be more difficult to reach deposits discovered in the future. As a result, much of the net energy created would be offset by the energy input needed to build and dismantle plants and to extract and process uranium ore. The same goes for any reduction in greenhouse gas emissions caused by the shift from coal to nuclear (1) It is not possible to expand to 14,500 nuclear plants simply because of the limitation of feasible sites.

Nuclear plants must be located near a water source for cooling, and there are not enough locations in the world that are safe from droughts, floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, or other potential disasters that could trigger a nuclear accident. The increase in extreme weather events predicted by climate models only exacerbates this risk. Unlike renewables, which are now the cheapest energy sources, nuclear costs are rising and many plants are shutting down or are in danger of being shut down for economic reasons. Initial capital, fuel and maintenance costs are much higher for nuclear plants than wind and solar, and nuclear projects tend to suffer from cost overruns and construction delays.

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The price of renewable energy has fallen significantly in the last decade, and is projected to continue to fall (1). Going down the nuclear route would mean that poor countries, which do not have the financial resources to invest and develop nuclear energy, would depend on rich and technologically advanced nations. Alternatively, poor nations with no experience in building and maintaining nuclear power plants may decide to build them anyway. Countries with a history of using nuclear energy have learned the importance of regulation, supervision and investment in safety when it comes to nuclear energy.

Peter Bradford of Vermont Law, a former member of the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission, writes: A world more dependent on nuclear energy would involve many plants in countries that have little experience in nuclear energy, with no regulatory background in the field and some questionable quality control records, security and corruption. They should lead by example and encourage poor countries to invest in safe energy technologies. USNRC (201) Ferguson, Charles D. The Future of Nuclear Energy in the United States.

Federation of American Scientists (201.When it comes to pollution, there are clear advantages and disadvantages to nuclear power, and don't worry, we'll address nuclear waste in a moment. However, the overall pollution production of a nuclear power plant is quite low compared to energy production from fossil fuels. Current consumption of nuclear energy already reduces more than 555 million metric tons of emissions each year. This reduction in greenhouse gases is a great indicator of how the shift to nuclear energy can help reduce our long-term effect on global climate change.

Nuclear power plants have a greater impact on the environment than just the waste they produce. Uranium extraction and enrichment are not environmentally friendly processes. Open pit uranium mining is safe for miners, but leaves behind radioactive particles, causes erosion and even contaminates nearby water sources. Underground mining isn't much better and it exposes miners to large amounts of radiation while producing radioactive waste rock during extraction and processing.

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JOIN THE MOVEMENT Receive updates Valid email required What are you looking for? American democracy is in danger, from the disastrous Citizens United ruling that flooded our politics with corporate money to the immoral attack on voting rights. We work every day to defend ourselves against these threats and advance bold reforms. Government should work for the public, not for corporations or industry. It must protect consumers, workers and the environment, and have sufficient funding to do so.

The budgetary process must not be hampered by partisanship. Every day, big banks, big polluters, and big tech companies threaten our economy, our environment, and our democracy, sacrificing Main Street Americans and our families for the sake of corporate profits. Public Citizen advocates for ordinary people by taking on corporate interests and their cronies in government. Prescription drugs are not affordable, and new drugs and devices are often approved without proven safety and effectiveness.

Public Citizen Challenges Big Pharma, Device Manufacturers, and Federal Regulators to Make Medicines and Medical Devices Safe, Effective, and Accessible to All. It leaves out too many people, costs too much and doesn't meet acceptable quality standards. Much of the care we receive is unaffordable, unnecessary, or harmful. Public Citizen Advocates for Medicare for All, Greater Oversight of Dangerous Physicians, and Safe Clinical Trials.

The climate crisis is the challenge of our time. We can solve it with solutions that will make us healthier and more economically secure. We must act quickly to make our economy run on renewable energy and ensure that disadvantaged families and displaced workers share equitably in the new economy. We must also fight the corrupting power of fossil fuel companies and ensure that energy regulators are effective and publicly accountable.

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Litigation can remedy or deter wrongdoing, affect policies and significantly curb abuses of power. Whether it's to sue on behalf of our members to ensure the honest functioning of government or to represent individual consumers seeking redress in court, our litigation is based on our expertise in administrative law, constitutional law and government transparency. Throwing more tax dollars on nuclear energy will not make it safer, cleaner or cheaper. In addition, these subsidies to a mature industry distort electricity markets by giving nuclear energy an unfair and undesirable advantage over clean and safe energy alternatives.

This website is shared by Public Citizen Inc. Learn more about the distinction between these two components of Public Citizen. Increasingly severe hurricanes and floods can also damage nuclear power plants and disrupt access to cooling water, similar to the events of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident. The United States is the world's largest producer of nuclear energy and accounts for more than 30 percent of global nuclear electricity generation.

Existing nuclear plants have relatively low operating, maintenance and fuel costs compared to many fossil fuel plants; however, these routine costs still make nuclear energy economically uncompetitive compared to wind, solar, and gas. The United Nations Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), which entered into force in March 1970, aims to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and, ultimately, achieve nuclear disarmament. As a Melbourne high school student, I must admit that your vision is incredibly wonderful, and even though I am a nuclear fanatic, I understand the flaws of nuclear power completely. Renewable energies, such as solar, wind and hydropower, generate electricity for less than nuclear plants under construction in Georgia and, in most places, produce electricity cheaper than existing nuclear power plants, which have paid all their construction costs.

A requirement of the NPT is that countries with nuclear arsenals China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States must negotiate and reduce their stockpiles of nuclear weapons and, ultimately, eliminate these weapons of mass destruction. In fission, nuclear fuel is placed in the core of a nuclear reactor and the atoms that make up the fuel break into pieces, releasing energy. This is one of the obvious reasons why nuclear energy should not be eligible for green finance or be marketed as “sustainable”, as recently pointed out by countries such as Austria, Denmark, Germany, Luxembourg and Spain, which spoke out against the inclusion of nuclear energy in the taxonomy of green finance of the EU. Terrorists can attack nuclear power plants with the intention of creating disaster, and the uranium used to produce energy can become nuclear weapons if they end up in the wrong hands.

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Nuclear fission (the process used to generate nuclear energy) releases much greater amounts of energy than simply burning fossil fuels such as gas, oil, or coal. For these reasons, safety around nuclear materials and nuclear power plants is extremely important. . .

FAQs

Why is nuclear a bad energy source? ›

Nuclear energy produces radioactive waste

A major environmental concern related to nuclear power is the creation of radioactive wastes such as uranium mill tailings, spent (used) reactor fuel, and other radioactive wastes. These materials can remain radioactive and dangerous to human health for thousands of years.

What are 3 major issues with nuclear energy? ›

Here are the seven major problems with nuclear energy:
  • Long Time Lag Between Planning and Operation. ...
  • Cost. ...
  • Weapons Proliferation Risk. ...
  • Meltdown Risk. ...
  • Mining Lung Cancer Risk. ...
  • Carbon-Equivalent Emissions and Air Pollution. ...
  • Waste Risk.
Apr 26, 2021

What are 3 pros and 3 cons of nuclear power? ›

  • Pro – Low carbon. Unlike traditional fossil fuels like coal, nuclear power does not produce greenhouse gas emissions like methane and CO2. ...
  • Con – If it goes wrong… ...
  • Pro – Not intermittent. ...
  • Con – Nuclear waste. ...
  • Pro – Cheap to run. ...
  • Con – Expensive to build.
May 28, 2019

What are 10 disadvantages of nuclear energy? ›

10 Biggest Disadvantages of Nuclear Energy
  • Raw material. Safety measures needed to prevent the harmful levels of radiation from uranium.
  • Fuel Availability. ...
  • High Cost. ...
  • Nuclear Waste. ...
  • Risk of Shutdown Reactors. ...
  • Impact on Human Life. ...
  • Nuclear Power a Non Renewable Resource. ...
  • National Risks.
Mar 6, 2018

Does nuclear power cause more harm than good? ›

When compared to other forms of energy, nuclear energy is actually less harmful to the environment and causes less pollution. Nuclear energy doesn't fall far behind solar and wind when it comes to emissions.

What are 5 disadvantages of nuclear? ›

Cons of Nuclear Energy
  • Expensive Initial Cost to Build. Construction of a new nuclear plant can take anywhere from 5-10 years to build, costing billions of dollars. ...
  • Risk of Accident. ...
  • Radioactive Waste. ...
  • Limited Fuel Supply. ...
  • Impact on the Environment.

What are 4 disadvantages of nuclear energy? ›

Disadvantages of nuclear energy

Uranium is technically non-renewable. Very high upfront costs. Nuclear waste. Malfunctions can be catastrophic.

What are abuses of nuclear energy? ›

Abuse of nuclear power could also mean the careless use of nuclear materials leading to contamination of the environ- ment or unjustified hazard to employees or to the population.

Why are people against nuclear? ›

Opponents say that nuclear power poses numerous threats to people and the environment and point to studies in the literature that question if it will ever be a sustainable energy source. These threats include health risks, accidents and environmental damage from uranium mining, processing and transport.

What is a big disadvantage of nuclear power *? ›

The major disadvantages of nuclear power plant are as follows: Disposal and storage of nuclear waste. Uranium decomposes into harmful sub atomic masses. Accidental leakage of radiation and large-scale accidents can be catastrophic..

What is a big disadvantage of nuclear power? ›

The main disadvantages of nuclear energy include its environmental impact, it is extremely water-intensive, there is a risk of nuclear accidents, management of radioactive waste is problematic, and it is non-renewable.

What are 3 disadvantages of nuclear fusion? ›

But fusion reactors have other serious problems that also afflict today's fission reactors, including neutron radiation damage and radioactive waste, potential tritium release, the burden on coolant resources, outsize operating costs, and increased risks of nuclear weapons proliferation.

How clean is nuclear energy? ›

Is nuclear energy clean? In an emissions sense, nuclear power is considered to be clean. It produces zero carbon emissions and doesn't produce other noxious greenhouse gases through its operation.

What are the negative effects of nuclear waste? ›

Spent nuclear fuel is dangerously radioactive and has the potential to release a poisonous chemical element called plutonium into the environment. In fact, exposure to radioactive waste can cause cancerous growths in humans and genetic damage or mutation to animals and plants.

What are 3 major advantages of nuclear power? ›

The advantages of nuclear power are:

One of the most low-carbon energy sources. It also has one of the smallest carbon footprints. It's one of the answers to the energy gap. It's essential to our response to climate change and greenhouse gas emissions.

What is the pros of nuclear power? ›

Nuclear energy protects air quality by producing massive amounts of carbon-free electricity. It powers communities in 28 U.S. states and contributes to many non-electric applications, ranging from the medical field to space exploration.

What are 3 benefits of nuclear radiation? ›

It is used in medicine to diagnose illnesses, and in high doses, to treat diseases such as cancer. Also, high doses of radiation are used to kill harmful bacteria in food and to extend the shelf life of fresh produce. Radiation produces heat that is used to generate electricity in nuclear power reactors.

What are the pros and cons of nuclear fusion? ›

List of Pros of Nuclear Fusion
  • It is relatively cost-competitive. ...
  • It produces high energy density. ...
  • It causes less pollution. ...
  • It can be sustainable. ...
  • It is extremely difficult to achieve. ...
  • It produces radioactive waste. ...
  • More research and brainpower is needed to solve its issues.
Jul 27, 2015

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